Planets, Stars, and Galaxies: A Visual Encyclopedia of Our

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WORKS ABOUT CHRISTIAN WOLFF Albrecht, Michael. “Einleitung.” In Oratio de Sinarum philosophia practica, edited by Michael Albrecht. Moore claimed that in addition to the existence of material things, we know the existence of our own acts of consciousness and our own sense data, past events in our lives, the being of universals and nonnatural qualities or entities (such as good), the existence of other minds, synthetic necessary truths, and practically all matters of fact that are commonly thought to be known—for instance, that Caesar crossed the Rubicon, that Earth goes around the sun, and so on.

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Explorers, the Environment, the Universe, Inventions and

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Petersburg, 1790; translated as A Journey from St. According to Aristotle’s definition, philia is a mutually acknowledged reciprocation of affection and good will on the basis of some ongoing specific interest, such as pleasure, utility, or virtue. As Hempel saw it, scientific explanation was of a piece with prediction, requiring the same resources and giving a similar kind of satisfaction. Descartes’s philosophy can be viewed in large part as an effort to reduce the second criterion to the first—that is, to show that at least in the case of metaphysical propositions, if we understand them clearly and distinctly, we are thereby certain of their truth.

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First Encyclopedia of Space (First Encyclopedias)

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However, he trained first as a mining engineer, studying mathematics on his own during this training. A formula y(x,y) functionally represents a total func- tion ƒ in a theory if and only if, for each k, the following sentence is a consequence of the theory: ("y)(y(k,y) } y = ƒ(k)). There are no statements that depend for their truth on a direct confrontation with experience. The first is the Bibliography of Philosophy, Psychology, and Cognate Subjects, by Benjamin Rand (2 vols., New York, 1905), which has about 70,000 entries and is a major work of scholarship.

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Encyclopedia

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However, this particular requirement of operationalism can safely be discarded, leading to a complete merger of these two contemporary offshoots of empiricism. criticism Operationalism is a movement within the philosophy of science. Despite its successes, there are causes for complaint about loop quantum gravity. But this position, they discovered, still left many puzzles. From absolute acceleration Newton moved (questionably, it turns out) to absolute space and time.

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First Reference Library

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Important on “mechanism” and the relation of dialectical materialism to positivism. It is also charged that narrativism confronts the same problem that perplexed the family resemblance approach to identifying art. Wong (2005) 374 • ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PHILOSOPHY 2nd edition ETHICAL SUBJECTIVISM ethical skepticism See Emotive Theory of Ethics; Ethical Relativism ethical subjectivism A subjectivist ethical theory is a theory according to which moral judgments about men or their actions are judgments about the way people react to these men and actions—that is, the way they think or feel about them.

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Children's Encyclopaedia of Knowledge: Bk. 1

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He was educated at Harrow and at New College, Oxford, where he read Classical Moderations and “Greats.” He remained at Oxford two years after graduation, reading philosophy and theology and working on an essay on the history of medieval universities, for which he won the chancellor’s prize in 1883. As is well known, the use of infinitesimals, strongly advocated by Leibnitz and unhesitatingly accepted by Euler fell into disrepute after the advent of Cauchy’s methods which put Mathematical Analysis on a firm foundation.

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One Thousand Things: learn your first words with Little

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Poetic intuition catches it in passing, in a faint attempt to immortalize it in time. Skepticism about moral truths denies that there are—or that we can know that there are—true moral propositions (or facts) that entail that something has a moral attribute. For references to discussions of Brightman’s influence, see Peter A. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, 1960. In this period in particular, it appears indicated to apply the term “Jewish philosophy” first and foremost to works whose main purpose or one of whose main purposes consists in proposing a definition of Judaism and a justi- fication of its existence.

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Your World (Kingfisher First Encyclopedia)

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Are these mere skillful polemical devices in the war against the freethinkers, or can they be regarded as elements in a distinctive and reasonably coherent metaphysics? Evans in “On Meaning and Verification.” Truth theory of meaning. The latter work and also the Arbre de ciència (Arbor Scientiae) of 1296 are more philosophical and less polemical in purpose than the original Art. Essays on Ethics and Method by Henry Sidgwick, edited by Marcus G.

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Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Life

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Consciously, the revolt of the Milesian philosophers against both the content and the method of mythology was complete. Otis Fellows (1967) 618 • ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PHILOSOPHY 2nd edition CYRENAICS cyrenaics The Cyrenaics were a school of philosophy founded by Aristippus of Cyrene in the first quarter of the fourth century BCE. The second argument claims that “God’s uniqueness and glory require causes to withdraw their interference from the actual efficacy” (Nursi 1996, p. 1278).

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Wonders of the World (Know How Know Why)

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While they are happy to concede to population genetics and ecological genetics the explanation of gradual evolutionary changes in traits associated with one or a few Mendelian genes, they argue that the explanation of the appearance of novelties at particular phylogenetic junctures requires an understanding of the network of This paper was the target for responses from philosophers of biology and biologists more or less sympathetic to DST (Gilbert and Jorgensen 1998, Wimsatt 1998) and Schaffner was given the last word in reply.

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